Petrochemical data for the Early Llandovery subaerial volcanic rocks at Arisaig, Antigonish Highlands, Nova Scotia, show that they are a bimodal suite of altered rhyolites and basalts of tholeiitic affinity with some alkaline tendencies extruded in a nonorogenic extensional environment within a continental plate. These data do not support the island arc origin frequently inferred for these rocks but are consistent with recent petrological data from the Silurian – Lower Devonian Coastal Volcanic Belt in southern Maine, which may be a strike continuation of the Arisaig volcanics. The close spatial and temporal association of basalts and rhyolites is attributed to anatexis of the crust upon contact with the rising basaltic magma.

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