Abstract

The lead–zinc–barite deposits of the Dorion region are spatially associated with the unconformity between the Sibley Group (Helikian) and Archean and Aphebian basement rocks. The veins are coarse grained, and mineralogically zoned with galena–calcite in the central zone, sphalerite–quartz surrounding the central zone, and barite (±chalcopyrite) in the vein extremities. Veins occur near the pinch-out of the "Pass Lake formation" (basal Sibley Group), within the dolomite of the overlying "Rossport formation", or in nearby basement fractures. Rossport dolomite, where it forms a vein wall, is highly altered to metal-enriched chert and calcite. Archean wall rocks are not altered.Potassium–argon isotopic determinations on mica in Archean pegmatite immediately adjacent to a vein indicate that the transporting solutions were too cool to cause re-equilibration of the Ar within the mica. Sulphur-isotope data indicate equilibrium between galena and sphalerite yielding a depositional temperature range of 35–135 °C, and disequilibrium between sulphide–sulphate pairs. Lead isotopes are highly anomalous, yielding a secondary isochron which indicates either an Archean, or more probably a mixed Archean–Aphebian, source of lead.The deposits formed from metal leached from either basement rocks or breakdown of Sibley sandstone matrix. Metals and sulphate moved through the permeable sandstone, probably as chloride-ion complexes, and precipitated at the sandstone pinch-out. Reduced sulphur, possibly derived from organic decay, and probably held in a gas trap at the sandstone pinch out, caused precipitation of the sulphides by reaction with metal-bearing brines.

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