Abstract

The late Precambrian Coldbrook volcanic sequence and stratigraphic equivalents in southern New Brunswick can be divided into three distinct belts. These have been named the Eastern, Central and Western Volcanic Belts.The Eastern Volcanic Belt, along the Bay of Fundy coast, is characterized by intensely deformed mafic and felsic flows, tuffs, and abundant related volcanogenic sediments. Two thick arkosic sedimentary units in this belt reflect extensive intervals of volcanic quiescence. Fine-grained siliceous siltstone and conglomerate, locally intercalated with these rocks, have probably been derived from erosion of older Precambrian basement rocks to the northwest.The Central Volcanic Belt is composed of generally weakly deformed felsic and lesser mafic flows, and coarse lithic tuffs (including ignimbrites), and very minor intercalated sediments. The almost complete lack of water-lain sediments and presence of ignimbrites suggests subaerial deposition for most of these volcanic rocks. The relationship between rocks of the Central and Eastern Volcanic Belts is one of facies equivalence. The Western Volcanic Belt is also composed of felsic and minor mafic flows and tuffs that resemble those of the Central Volcanic Belt, but they are intensely deformed. Minor volcanogenic sedimentary rocks are intercalated with the volcanic rocks along the northwestern margin of this belt.The nature and distribution of major lithofacies belts in the Coldbrook Group and stratigraphic equivalents appear to be consistent with deposition along the margin of an intracratonic basin. It is possible, however, that further work may prove an ensialic island arc model to be a viable alternative.

You do not currently have access to this article.