Abstract

Pelitic metasediments immediately southwest of Yale, British Columbia contain mineral assemblages characteristic of staurolite through sillimanite zones of the Barrovian facies series. Microprobe analyses of major constituent phases in the pelites are combined with linear regression techniques to formulate probable kyanite- and sillimanite-forming reactions.A zone some 3 km wide contains the assemblage staurolite–kyanite–garnet–biotite–muscovite–quartz–plagioclase-ilmenite-rutile, which is univariant in AFM projection. Within precision limits of microprobe analysis, this assemblage is also univariant using linear regression techniques. Univariant relations are possible if graphic with the composition of the fluid phase being buffered by the progressing reaction. This assemblage emphasizes the need for precise analyses when using the regression method, since minor components are often within permissible error limits rather than being balanced.Pelitic and calc-silicate assemblages from the metasediments restrict estimates of pressure–temperature conditions during regional metamorphism to 6–8 kbar and 550–770 °C. Pseudomorphs after andalusite indicate that contact metamorphism preceded regional upgrading of the pelites.

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