Abstract

Postglacial paleosols developed in lacustrine and aeolian sediments occur on terraces and in banks of the South Saskatchewan River near Saskatoon. At each of three sites a sequence of two paleosols was studied: a lower soil of immediate postglacial age as indicated by radiocarbon dates, that is buried by aeolian sands, and an upper one, located within the dune sands, that marks a period of stability of the dunes. Climatic fluctuations are inferred to be the cause of aeolian activity.One paleosol met the classification criteria for an Orthic Black Chernozemic soil. The other soils, particularly those developed in the dune sands, were weakly developed, Regosolic types of soils.Pedogenic interpretations were based on macro- and micromorphological observations as well as chemical characteristics. Micromorphology and the determination of calcite and dolomite distribution were particularly useful in differentiating sedimentary, pedogenic, and postburial alteration processes in the buried soil profiles. Studies of the organic matter suggest that it had changed markedly after burial.

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