Abstract

Biotite and hornblende from high-grade, granitic gneisses exposed between the Matagami-Chibougamau and Frotet-Troilus greenstone belts in Quebec have been affected by Kenoran metamorphism. Biotites record total gas 40Ar/39Ar ages of 2308 ± 30 m.y. and 2338 ± 30 m.y. Incrementally released gas fractions yield similar plateau ages, suggesting that the biotites have been totally degassed as a result of the thermal event. The ages are interpreted as reflecting the time of post-metamorphic cooling when radiogenic 40Ar began to be retained within biotite. Hornblendes record total gas 40Ar/39Ar ages of 2517 ± 40 m.y. and 2610 ± 40 m.y. Incrementally released gas fractions show a wide deviation from the total gas ages, with a continuous increase in age from low to high temperature release fractions. This lack of correlation suggests that the hornblendes have been only partially degassed by Kenoran metamorphism. However, lack of a high-temperature release plateau indicates that original meramorphic crystallization was older than the ages recorded by the highest temperature release fractions (2599 ± 40 and 2801 ± 40 m.y.). Recognition of an older sialic terrain between these greenstone belts supports recent models proposed for the tectonic evolution of the supracrustal orogenic belts in the Superior Province.

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