Ostracoderm tubercles were recovered from the lower portion of two Black River Group sections between Montreal and Quebec City. Some of these fish remains seem identical to tubercles of Astraspis desiderata from the Harding Sandstone of Colorado. The age of the Quebec remains is questionably earliest Blackriveran or basal Caradocian of the European standard. The remains were found in sandy carbonates probably laid down in the supratidal to shallow marine environments. It is concluded that these remains may represent part of a continent-wide, biostratigraphically useful vertebrate fauna and that bulk sampling and acid residuing might be a technique whereby sparse, fragmentary, earliest Paleozoic fish remains could be found.

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