Abstract

A unique assemblage of hedyphane-group minerals of the apatite supergroup associated with galena, cerussite, and calcite occurs in a Permian aplite dike crosscutting orthogneisses belonging to the pre-Alpine basement of the Veĺký Zelený Potok Valley in the Veporic Unit, Western Carpathians, Central Slovakia. The secondary Ca-Pb phosphates include phosphohedyphane Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl and (OH)-dominant “hydroxylphosphohedyphane” Ca2Pb3(PO4)3OH. Detailed EPMA and Raman spectroscopy of the hedyphane-group minerals reveal the presence of Pb, Ca, P, and Cl as major constituents; the systematic presence of (CO3)2– (up to 2.6 wt.% CO2calc; 0.65 apfu C) substituting for (PO4)3– (B-type) is the first reported carbonate-bearing phosphohedyphane in nature. There is also significant localized halogen deficiency (0.38–0.49 apfu Cl+F) which suggests the potential for a new mineral, “hydroxylphosphohedyphane”. The secondary assemblage described herein results from very low-temperature sulfide-carbonate reactions and further near-surface supergene alteration of primary magmatic or metamorphic phosphate minerals (mainly apatite) and hydrothermal galena in the alkaline CO2-rich groundwater.

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