ABSTRACT

The new eudialyte-group mineral sergevanite, ideally Na15(Ca3Mn3)(Na2Fe)Zr3Si26O72(OH)3·H2O, was discovered in highly agpaitic foyaite from the Karnasurt Mountain, Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The associated minerals are microcline, albite, nepheline, arfvedsonite, aegirine, lamprophyllite, fluorapatite, steenstrupine-(Ce), ilmenite, and sphalerite. Sergevanite forms yellow to orange-yellow anhedral grains up to 1.5 mm across and the outer zones of some grains of associated eudialyte. Its luster is vitreous, and the streak is white. No cleavage is observed. The Mohs' hardness is 5. Density measured by equilibration in heavy liquids is 2.90(1) g/cm3. Calculated density is equal to 2.906 g/cm3. Sergevanite is nonpleochroic, optically uniaxial, positive, with ω = 1.604(2) and ε = 1.607(2) (λ = 589 nm). The infrared spectrum is given. The chemical composition of sergevanite is (wt.%; electron microprobe, H2O determined by HCN analysis): Na2O 13.69, K2O 1.40, CaO 7.66, La2O3 0.90, Ce2O3 1.41, Pr2O3 0.33, Nd2O3 0.64, Sm2O3 0.14, MnO 4.15, FeO 1.34, TiO2 1.19, ZrO2 10.67, HfO2 0.29, Nb2O5 1.63, SiO2 49.61, SO3 0.77, Cl 0.23, H2O 4.22, –O=Cl –0.05, total 100.22. The empirical formula (based on 25.5 Si atoms pfu, in accordance with structural data) is H14.46Na13.64K0.92Ca4.22Ce0.27La0.17Nd0.12Pr0.06Sm0.02Mn1.81Fe2+0.58Ti0.46Zr2.67Hf0.04Nb0.38Si25.5S0.30Cl0.20O81.35. The crystal structure was determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. The new mineral is trigonal, space group R3, with a = 14.2179(1) Å, c = 30.3492(3) Å, V = 5313.11(7) Å3, and Z = 3. In the structure of sergevanite, Ca and Mn are ordered in the six-membered ring of octahedra (at the sites M11 and M12), and Na dominates over Fe2+ at the M2 site. The strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern [d, Å (I, %) (hkl)] are: 7.12 (70) (110), 5.711 (43) (202), 4.321 (72) (205), 3.806 (39) (033), 3.551 (39) (220, 027), 3.398 (39) (313), 2.978 (95) (forumla), 2.855 (100) (404). Sergevanite is named after the Sergevan' River, which is near the discovery locality.

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