ABSTRACT

Badakhshanite-(Y), ideally Y2Mn4Al(Si2B7BeO24), is a tetrahedral sheet-structure mineral found in the Dorozhny (Road) miarolitic granitic pegmatite within the Kukurt pegmatite field 45 km E of Murghab, Eastern Pamir, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast, Tajikistan. Badakhshanite-(Y) occurs in medium- to coarse-grained non-graphic albite-microcline-quartz pegmatites in close association with smoky quartz, Sc-bearing spessartine, Sc-bearing tusionite, and schorl. It often grows together with Sc-bearing tusionite and occurs as single columnar crystals ranging from 50 to 400 μm in length, as inclusions in spessartine and tourmaline, and rarely as crystals in blebs along boundaries between garnet, tourmaline, and quartz. Badakhshanite-(Y) is yellow brown and has a white streak and a vitreous luster. It is brittle, with a conchoidal fracture, Mohs hardness of 6.5–7, and calculated density of 4.41 g/cm. In thin section it is transparent and pale yellow, non-pleochroic, biaxial (–), with α = 1.805(2), βcalc = 1.827, γ = 1.835(3) (λ = 590 nm); 2V (meas.) = –60(10)°. Dispersion is weak, r > v. Extinction is straight, elongation is negative. FTIR spectra show the absence of (OH) and H2O groups. Chemical analysis by electron microprobe using WDS (6 points), SIMS, and ICP-OES for B and Be gave SiO2 11.96, ThO2 0.12, Sm2O3 0.17, Gd2O3 0.30, Tb2O3 0.10, Dy2O3 0.73, Ho2O3 0.19, Er2O3 1.34, Tm2O3 0.54, Yb2O3 8.82, Lu2O3 2.32, Y2O3 16.60, Sc2O3 1.57, Al2O3 3.06, B2O3 22.06, FeO 0.94, MnO 23.33, CaO 0.58, BeO 2.84, total 97.57 wt.%.The empirical formula based on 24 O apfu is (Y1.21REE0.78Th0.01)Σ2(Mn3.47Y0.34Ca0.11Fe2+0.08)Σ4(Al0.63Sc0.24Fe2+0.060.07)Σ1[(Si2.10B6.69Be1.20)Σ9.99O24], where REE = (Yb0.47Lu0.12Dy0.04Er0.07Tm0.03 Ho0.01Gd0.02Sm0.01Tb0.01)Σ0.78. Badakhshanite-(Y) is orthorhombic, space group Pnma, a 12.852(1), b 4.5848(5), c 12.8539(8) Å, V 757.38(7) Å3, Z = 2. The crystal structure was refined to R1 = 4.31% based on 1431 unique [F > 4σF] reflections. In the crystal structure of badakhshanite-(Y), a layer of tetrahedra parallel to (010) is composed of four different tetrahedrally coordinated sites: Si, B(1), B(2), and T (<Si–O> = 1.623 Å, <B(1)–O> = 1.485 Å, <B(2)–O> = 1.479 Å, <T–O> = 1.557 Å), which form four-, five-, and eight-membered rings, having the composition (Si2B7BeO24). Between the sheets of tetrahedra, there are three cation sites: M(1), M(2), and M(3) (<M(1)–O> = 2.346 Å, <M(2)–O> = 2.356 Å, <M(3)–O> = 2.016 Å) occupied by Y(REE), Mn2+(Y, Ca, Fe2+), and Al(Sc), respectively. The M(1,2) sites ideally give Y2Mn4apfu; the M(3) site ideally gives Al apfu. Badakhshanite-(Y) is an Al- and Be-analogue of perettiite-(Y).

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