Abstract

A prominent dike of camptonite cuts the Middle Ordovician Tétreauville Formation of the Trenton Group in the Montréal-Est quarry operated by Lafarge Canada Inc. The “Lafarge” dike is strikingly porphyritic, with largely anhedral macrocrysts of unzoned calcic amphibole up to 13 cm across. The macrocrysts are rimmed with ferri-kaersutite resembling the amphibole in the fine-grained matrix of the camptonite. The magnesio-hastingstite macrocrysts have virtually the same composition as the matrix; they thus grew without much of a boundary layer. The magma crystallized in a disequilibrium way as a pseudo-unary system. The macrocrysts are unusually enriched in Fe3+ (approximately 44% of the total iron), yet locally enclose globules of immiscible sulfide melt. The magma became oxygenated owing to preferential loss of hydrogen upon the dissociation of aqueous gas bubbles. The amygdaloidal macrocrysts have a relatively high δD value because of this loss of H2; the values of δ18O are typical of an upper mantle source. Camptonite dikes are very common on Mont Royal. Like the Lafarge dike, they likely arose by the disequilibrium crystallization of batches of the parental melt of asthenospheric origin.

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