The ore deposits (both metallic and non-metallic) of Central Europe have been mined for over 2,000 years. They include some of the most famous and classic mineral deposits in the world, and the struggles to control and exploit them have changed the course of history. Central Europe encompasses textbook examples of vein-type ore deposits, some of which were already major mining districts during the Roman Empire, and rock salt deposits that have been mined since the Hallstatt period (800–400 BC). Although at present most of these deposits are closed and slowly becoming forgotten, they still provide an opportunity to develop...

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