Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Some Antecedents to the Modern-day Profession of Geophysics through World War I

January 01, 2001


Scientists have long been trained to build on the successes or failures of their predecessors, their teachers, and their fellows largely through scientific associations and their publications. Such societies range from small, local ones to huge organizations with membership drawn from over 100 countries. The oldest and most prestigious for geophysicists is the Royal Society, given both its name and charter by Britain’s King Charles II back in 1660. The Royal Astronomical Society, chartered in 1820, has also had a marked interest in geophysical matters, even to the extent of publishing a Geophysical Journal, because the earth is very much a part of the planetary system. Within the United States, the prestigious National Academy of Sciences (NAS) was started as an ally of government at the initiative of President Abraham Lincoln who asked the scientific community in 1863 for technical assistance with the war effort. Geophysical societies per se did not appear until the early 1900s. As a result of the great San Francisco earthquake, the Seismological Society of America (SSA) was formed in 1906. The International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) came into being in 1911, while its U.S. interface, the American Geophysical Union (AGU), was finally organized in 1919. The field of exploration geophysics lagged even further, with the Society of Exploration Geophysicists not being incorporated until 1930.

You do not currently have access to this article.
Don't already have an account? Register

Figures & Tables


Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysical References Series

Geophysics in the Affairs of Mankind: A Personalized History of Exploration Geophysics

L. C. (Lee) Lawyer
L. C. (Lee) Lawyer
Past President of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Search for other works by this author on:
Charles C. Bates
Charles C. Bates
Honorary Member, Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Search for other works by this author on:
Robert B. Rice
Robert B. Rice
Past President and Honorary Member of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Search for other works by this author on:
Society of Exploration Geophysicists
ISBN electronic:
Publication date:
January 01, 2001




A comprehensive resource of eBooks for researchers in the Earth Sciences

This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

View Article Abstract & Purchase Options

For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.

Subscribe Now