Cooperative Inversion of Geophysical Data
Geophysical inversion by iterative modeling involves fitting observations by adjusting model parameters. Both seismic and potential-field model responses can be influenced by adjustment of the parameters of rock properties. The objective of this “cooperative inversion” is to obtain a model which is consistent with all available surface and borehole geophysical data. Although inversion of geophysical data is generally nonunique and ambiguous, we can lessen ambiguities by inverting all available surface and borehole data. This chapter illustrates this concept with a case history in which surface seismic data, sonic logs, surface gravity data, and borehole gravity meter (BHGM) data are modeled adequately by using least-squares inversion and a series of forward-modeling steps.
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Fundamentals of Geophysical Interpretation, SEG Geophysical Monograph Series No. 13, is a practical handbook for the petroleum geophysicist. Fundamental concepts are explained using heuristic descriptions of seismic modeling, deconvolution, depth migration, and tomography. Pitfalls in processing and contouring are described briefly. Applications include petroleum exploration of carbonate reefs, salt intrusions, and overthrust faults. The book includes past, present, and possible future developments in time-lapse seismology, borehole geophysics, multicomponent seismology, and integrated reservoir characterization.