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Book Chapter

3D Reflection Seismology

Published:
January 01, 2004

Abstract

We live in a world of three spatial dimensions. This is crucial to remember when we examine geologic plays and petroleum traps. We interpret individual seismic lines as though the earth were varying in two dimensions beneath these profiles, but we do so with the risk that “out-of-plane” reflections can occur. To solve the problem of 3D geologic interpretations, the industry now uses areal arrays of sources and receivers at the surface rather than widely spaced profiles. These seismic surveys allow us to accurately image 3D spatial variations in geology beneath the earth's surface. Brown (1991) and Liner (1999) have given excellent summaries of 3D interpretation and its importance.

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Contents

Geophysical Monograph Series

Fundamentals of Geophysical Interpretation

Laurence R. Lines
Laurence R. Lines
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Rachel T. Newrick
Rachel T. Newrick
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Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Volume
13
ISBN electronic:
9781560801726
Publication date:
January 01, 2004

GeoRef

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