In describing seismic modeling, it is helpful to review the definition for model in Sheriff's dictionary (1991, p. 196): “Model: 1. A concept from which one can deduce the effects for comparison to observations: used to develop a better understanding of the observations. The ‘model’ may be conceptual, physical, or mathematical.”
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Fundamentals of Geophysical Interpretation, SEG Geophysical Monograph Series No. 13, is a practical handbook for the petroleum geophysicist. Fundamental concepts are explained using heuristic descriptions of seismic modeling, deconvolution, depth migration, and tomography. Pitfalls in processing and contouring are described briefly. Applications include petroleum exploration of carbonate reefs, salt intrusions, and overthrust faults. The book includes past, present, and possible future developments in time-lapse seismology, borehole geophysics, multicomponent seismology, and integrated reservoir characterization.