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Two species of very hypsodont bovids are recorded from the middle Miocene (Astaracian/Vallesian) Beglia Formation of west-central Tunisia. They are presumed to be members of the Rupicaprini, a tribe that may have had Mediterranean origin. The Tunisian species show very early development of hypsodonty and loss of the basal pillars. The Rupicaprini are shown to have an important center of evolution in the Mediterranean region throughout the later Tertiary.

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