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Fluid-rock interaction occurs at all steps of metamorphic evolution. Most metamorphic reactions, in fact, involve volatiles - aqueous for hydroxyl-bearing minerals, carbonic for carbonates. The determination of the P–T conditions of trapping and of the precise chemical composition of these fluids has always been a major problem of metamorphic petrology. Many methods are possible, mainly based on experimental or indirect approaches (e.g. thermodynamic modelling, experimental mineral reactions, stable isotopes etc.). Fluid inclusion studies (e.g. Roedder, 1984) represent a possible direct way to study fluids trapped at high P and T.

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