Mineralogy, geochemistry and tectonometamorphic evolution of UHPM terranes
Published:January 01, 2003
Most of, if not all, the evidence for the attainment of UHP conditions by metamorphic rocks is a mineralogical one. Some minerals by their nature, composition, texture or reactions, may be specific of such conditions and are briefly reviewed here. As pressure, an intensive parameter, has direct influence on volume, this mineralogical survey is organised on a structural basis: we emphasised the more or less efficient packing of atoms into crystal structures. Then chemical, petrological or phase stability data are presented, in the hope of offering a slightly different perspective from earlier reviews by Smith (1988), Chopin & Sobolev (1995), Liou et al. (1998), Carswell & Zhang (1999) and Zhang & Liou (2000). The reader is explicitly referred to the latter three in addition to this review, in order to have the most complete coverage.
Figures & Tables
Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism
This is the first volume in this series dealing with a petrological subject and contains the contributions of the lectures given at the 5th School of the European Mineralogical Union (EMU) on “Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism” held in Budapest from 21 to 25 July 2003. The topic of UHPM was selected because this extreme type of metamorphism, initially considered as a petrographic oddity by the geologic community, has now become recognised as a normal feature of continental plate collisional orogens and important to understanding just how deep the upper part of the continental lithosphere can subduct. We note that this School took place just twenty years from the first report by Christian Chopin of coesite in exposed orogenic metamorphic rocks of the continental crust. The lectures given at this school benefited by the scientific results of the research promoted by the ILP Task Groups III-6 and III-8, active on UHPM from 1994 to 1998 and 1999 to 2004, respectively, and published in a number of monographs and special issues of international journals. It is our strong belief that this petrologic topic should be recognised to be of paramount importance in the education of students and young researchers in Earth Science.