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NMR studies of silicate glasses

By
Simon C. Kohn
Simon C. Kohn
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, BS8 1RJ, UK e-mail: Simon.Kohn@bristol.ac.uk
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Published:
January 01, 2004

Abstract

NMR has been used very widely for the last 25 years to study the structures of glasses. Chemists and materials scientists need to understand how the structure and properties of glasses are related in order to improve the properties and processing of technologically useful glasses. Earth scientists use glasses as analogues for silicate melts because of the experimental difficulties associated with making spectroscopic and other measurements on molten silicates at extremely high temperatures. An array of different NMR experiments has been applied to glasses, and novel information has been obtained on structures and dynamic processes over a variety of length and time scales. It should be noted at the outset that glass structure represents the structure of a metastable melt at Tg, the glass transition temperature, i.e. usually several hundred degrees below the liquidus. The detailed information on glass structure available from NMR studies, especially where Tg is modified by changing the thermal history of the glass, must therefore be integrated with other spectroscopic and thermodynamic measurements of melts at high temperature to obtain the most complete understanding of silicate melt structure.

Several excellent reviews of the application of NMR to glasses have been published, e.g. Eckert (1992), MacKenzie & Smith (2002), Stebbins (1995a, 2001), Zwanziger (1998), and the subject is now far too large to be covered comprehensively in a single review paper. In this contribution I will therefore only discuss the structures and properties of silicate glasses, and will focus on a few key examples of the type of information which is now available.

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Contents

European Mineralogical Union Notes in Mineralogy

Spectroscopic methods in mineralogy

Anton Beran
Anton Beran
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Eugen Libowitzky
Eugen Libowitzky
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Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Volume
6
ISBN electronic:
9780903056519
Publication date:
January 01, 2004

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