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Stratigraphic Organization and Predictability of Mixed Coarse- and Fine-grained Lithofacies Successions in a Lower Miocene Deep-water Slope-channel System, Angola Block 15

By
M. L. Porter
M. L. Porter
ExxonMobil Production Company, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
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A. R. G. Sprague
A. R. G. Sprague
ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
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M. D. Sullivan
M. D. Sullivan
Chevron Energy Technology Company, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
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D. C. Jennette
D. C. Jennette
Apache Oil, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
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R. T. Beaubouef
R. T. Beaubouef
ExxonMobil Exploration Company, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
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T. R. Garfield
T. R. Garfield
ExxonMobil Production Company, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
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C. Rossen
C. Rossen
ExxonMobil Development Company, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
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D. K. Sickafoose
D. K. Sickafoose
ExxonMobil Exploration Company, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
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G. N. Jensen
G. N. Jensen
ExxonMobil Production Company, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
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S. J. Friedmann
S. J. Friedmann
Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore, California, U.S.A.
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D. C. Mohrig
D. C. Mohrig
Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
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Published:
January 01, 2006

Abstract

Regional seismic mapping identified lower and middle Miocene slope channels as significant exploration targets for Angola Block 15. Seventeen exploration wells, followed by four appraisal wells, established these slope-channel complexes as a world-class development opportunity. ExxonMobil's current development activity targets stacked turbidite-dominated reservoirs in long-reach, high-angle wellbores tied back to tension leg platform (TLP) and close-moored floating production, storage, and offshore loading facilities.

One of the major development targets in Block 15 is the Burdigalian-aged (Bur1) slope-channel reservoirs. The Bur1 slope-channel system was one of many lower Miocene sediment fairways that provided a mechanism for the delivery of coarse-grained turbidites and mixed muddy and sandy debrites into the Lower Congo basin. This slope-channel system traverses across the block in an east-west direction and can be continuously mapped on adjacent seismic data sets across a 30-40-km (18-25-mi) reach. Three conventional cores and 28 well penetrations calibrate updip to downdip changes in lithofacies type and channel architecture. Map patterns of the Bur1 slope-channel system show distinctive changes in sinuosity, channel confinement, and degree of amalgamation broadly related to concurrent growth of salt-related structures. Channel-complex confinement is more pronounced, and vertical amalgamation is better developed in segments that cross structural highs. The Bur1 channel system shows weaker lateral amalgamation, greater sinuosity, and less erosional confinement in structural lows.

The episodic fill of the Bur1 slope-channel system can be better understood by a hierarchical arrangement of unconformity-bounded stratal units. Within these unconformity-bounded channel sets, nested channels form composite channel complexes that show distinctive trends in lithofacies type and vertical facies succession. Compared to other offshore Angola slope-channel systems, this Bur1 system is noteworthy because of the relatively coarse granule to cobble grain sizes encountered. Well logs and high-resolution seismic data calibrated to conventional cores show that the lower parts of the channel complexes are dominated by sandy-muddy debrites, slumps, and injected sandstones. These facies are typically overlain by coarse-grained, gravelly, and well-amalgamated sandy turbidites. The overlying facies succession is more variable, but commonly consists of interbedded sandy and muddy turbidites, injected sandstones, and a range of both muddy and sandy debrites.

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Contents

AAPG Memoir

Giant Hydrocarbon Reservoirs of the World: From Rocks to Reservoir Characterization and Modeling

P. M. (Mitch) Harris
P. M. (Mitch) Harris
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L. J. (Jim) Weber
L. J. (Jim) Weber
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Volume
88
ISBN electronic:
9780891813699
Publication date:
January 01, 2006

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