Sequence Stratigraphy and Reservoir Architecture of the Burgan and Mauddud Formations (Lower Cretaceous), Kuwait
Christian J. Strohmenger, John C. Mitchell, Howard R. Feldman, Patrick J. Lehmann, Robert W. Broomhall, Penny E. Patterson, Ghaida Al-Sahlan, Timothy M. Demko, Robert W. Wellner, G. Glen McCrimmon, Neama Al-Ajmi, 2006. "Sequence Stratigraphy and Reservoir Architecture of the Burgan and Mauddud Formations (Lower Cretaceous), Kuwait", Giant Hydrocarbon Reservoirs of the World: From Rocks to Reservoir Characterization and Modeling, P. M. (Mitch) Harris, L. J. (Jim) Weber
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A new sequence-stratigraphic framework is proposed for the Burgan and Mauddud formations (Albian) of Kuwait. This framework is based on the integration of core, well-log, and biostratigraphic data, as well as seismic interpretation from giant oil fields of Kuwait.
The Lower Cretaceous Burgan and Mauddud formations form two third-order composite sequences, the older of which constitutes the lowstand, trans-gressive, and highstand sequence sets of the Burgan Formation. This composite sequence is subdivided into 14 high-frequency, depositional sequences that are characterized by tidal-influenced, marginal-marine deposits in northeast Kuwait that grade into fluvial-dominated, continental deposits to the southwest.
The younger composite sequence consists of the lowstand sequence set of the uppermost Burgan Formation and transgressive and highstand sequence sets of the overlying Mauddud Formation. This composite sequence is sand prone and mud prone in southern and southwestern Kuwait and is carbonate prone in northern and northeastern Kuwait. The lowstand sequence set deposits of the Burgan Formation are subdivided into five high-frequency depositional sequences, which are composed of tidal-influenced, marginal-marine deposits in northeastern Kuwait that change facies to fluvial-dominated deposits in southwestern Kuwait. The transgressive and highstand sequence sets of the Mauddud Formation are subdivided into eight high-frequency, depositional sequences. The Mauddud transgressive sequence set displays a lateral change in lithology from limestone in northern Kuwait to siliciclastic deposits in southern and southwestern Kuwait. The traditional lithostratigraphic Burgan-Mauddud contact is time transgressive. The Mauddud highstand sequence set is carbonate prone and thins south- and southwestward because of depositional thinning. Significant postdepositional erosion occurs at the contact with the overlying Cenomanian Wara Shale.
The proposed sequence-stratigraphic framework and the incorporation of a depositional facies scheme tied to the sequence-stratigraphic architecture allow for an improved prediction of reservoir and seal distribution, as well as reservoir quality away from well control.
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This volume assembles information on giant (>500 MOEB recoverable reserves) hydrocarbon reservoirs that will be of value to a wide audience. Although far from exhaustive, this compilation includes a wide range of reservoirs when examined from any perspective, such as location, geology, and production history. Reservoirs described in this volume are located in the Middle East, Asia, West Africa, North America, and South America. The authors explore historical and alternative approaches to reservoir description, characterization, and management, as well as examining appropriate levels and timing of data gathering, technology applications, evaluation techniques, and management practices in various stages in the life of individual development projects. Enhanced recovery of hydrocarbons requires a critical understanding of reservoir heterogeneity by both geoscientists and engineers. The giant fields discussed in this Memoir address issues important to reservoir description, characterization, and management from both geologic and engineering perspectives.