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Introduction and update for the “Geology of the Gettysburg battlefield” and geology’s influence on military history

By
Roger J. Cuffey
Roger J. Cuffey
Department of Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
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Published:
January 01, 2015

Abstract

The 1863 Battle of Gettysburg in south-central Pennsylvania was one of the most important in American history, as well as the biggest ever fought within America’s boundaries. It shows clearly how underlying geology and surface topography can influence military actions. Thus, it continues to attract the attention of many specialists of varied interests, in addition to the general public (who came out for the 150th-anniversary reenactments two years ago).

Previously, we prepared a concise field-trip guide (Cuffey et al., 2006a) for use on organized field trips across the battlefield, and for later self-guiding examination of critical sites thereon. Because that guide remains relevant and appropriate, it is available in its entirety, 1 for use with this year’s GSA Annual Meeting field trip.

Please see the National Park Service battlefield map therein (Cuffey et al., 2006a, p. 2, Fig. 1).

A few helpful updates can be added to that guide and are included in this introductory paper. They concern the most visibly battle-damaged building on the battlefield, the similar 1859 Battle of Solferino, and the new Gettysburg Battlefield Visitors’ Center.

1GSA Data Repository Item 2015275, “Geology of the Gettysburg battlefi eld: How Mesozoic events and processes impacted American history” (Cuffey et al.,2006a), is available at www.geosociety.org/pubs/ft2015.htm, or on request from editing@geosociety.org or Documents Secretary, GSA, P.O. Box 9140, Boulder, CO 80301-9140, USA.

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Contents

GSA Field Guide

Tripping from the Fall Line: Field Excursions for the GSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, 2015

David K. Brezinski
David K. Brezinski
Maryland Geological Survey 2300 St. Paul Street Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
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Jeffrey P. Halka
Jeffrey P. Halka
Maryland Geological Survey 2300 St. Paul Street Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
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Richard A. Ortt, Jr.
Richard A. Ortt, Jr.
Maryland Geological Survey 2300 St. Paul Street Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
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Geological Society of America
Volume
40
ISBN electronic:
9780813756400
Publication date:
January 01, 2015

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