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Abstract

Baltimore, the Monumental City, was founded in 1729. One of the oldest large cities in the United States, it has had a long history of stone use. This chapter discusses the stone used for a number of iconic Baltimore monuments and buildings, including the Battle Monument, the Washington Monument, the neo-classical Basilica of the Assumption, the neo-Gothic Mount Vernon Place United Methodist Church, Transamerica Tower (Baltimore’s tallest building), and a number of other structures, providing an overview of the major stone types used in the city during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The general trend over this time is a shift from use of local and regional stone to use of stone from a variety of sources, including stone from Europe and Asia. This trend is most apparent in stone used for building exteriors. The various stones used have different properties, which affect their susceptibility to weathering. These include serpentinites, marbles, and brownstones that are particularly prone to weathering.

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