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The Centralia coal mine fire (Centralia, Pennsylvania): A field guide for an evolving system

By
Jennifer M. Elick
Jennifer M. Elick
Earth and Environmental Sciences, Susquehanna University, Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania 17870, USA
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Published:
January 01, 2015

Abstract

Burning and evolving for over 50 years, the anthracite coal fire in Centralia, Pennsylvania, has provided researchers with an ideal environment to study how shallow coal fires affect surface vegetation, nutrients and soil, landscape subsidence, organisms, fire migration, as well as human health. Ten years ago, surface temperatures from some gas exhaust vents were measured to be between 456° and 540 °C, and the fire was recorded to be moving rapidly at a rate of 20–22 m/yr. However, the fire has changed considerably since that time. Today, the average annual temperature of surface exhaust vents is ~65 °C, and its rate of movement is nearly unperceivable. In light of the changing parameters of the fire, Centralia continues to provide an interesting environment in which to study the effects of a subsurface anthracite coal fire on the landscape. This field trip will examine the geologic structure of the region, the Buck Mountain coal succession, the geomorphic features produced by the fire, the environmental consequences related to the removal of natural resources like coal, how a government responds to regional environmental disasters like coal fires, and the legacy of a coal fire on a region. Over the past decade, this fire and its influence on the landscape have changed considerably. However, there are still many interesting things to learn from this fire and the surrounding region.

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GSA Field Guide

Tripping from the Fall Line: Field Excursions for the GSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, 2015

David K. Brezinski
David K. Brezinski
Maryland Geological Survey 2300 St. Paul Street Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
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Jeffrey P. Halka
Jeffrey P. Halka
Maryland Geological Survey 2300 St. Paul Street Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
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Richard A. Ortt, Jr.
Richard A. Ortt, Jr.
Maryland Geological Survey 2300 St. Paul Street Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
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Geological Society of America
Volume
40
ISBN electronic:
9780813756400
Publication date:
January 01, 2015

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