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Impact of military activities on local and regional geologic conditions

By
Edward P.F. Rose
Edward P.F. Rose
Department of Geology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK
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Published:
January 01, 2005

Abstract

Throughout history, if generally more conspicuously in the Old World than the New, military activities have locally and sometimes regionally shaped the face of the Earth by construction of defense works in earth or stone. Military enhancement of terrain features by fortification, scarping, or flooding to form obstacles that counter or deflect attack may thus complement the effects of natural geomorphologic agents. Military operations and exercises have polluted parts of the Earth's surface through use of explosive ordnance and by fuel leakage, and disfigured it by redundant construction works. German military geologists in particular have necessarily developed peacetime roles to protect the environment rather than the state. Yet because agricultural use and urban sprawl are restricted within the large tracts of countryside designated as military training areas, these may preserve a heritage of habitats in a fairly natural state—as valuable in terms of conservation as the many sites worldwide now preserved for their military historical record.

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Contents

Reviews in Engineering Geology

Humans as Geologic Agents

Judy Ehlen
Judy Ehlen
Department of Geology, Radford University, Radford, Virginia 24142, USA
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William C. Haneberg
William C. Haneberg
Haneberg Geoscience, 10208 39th Avenue SW, Seattle, Washington 98146, USA
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Robert A. Larson
Robert A. Larson
Los Angeles County Department of Public Works, Alhambra, California 91803, USA
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Geological Society of America
Volume
16
ISBN electronic:
9780813758169
Publication date:
January 01, 2005

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