Neogene basins in western Nevada document the tectonic history of the Sierra Nevada-Basin and Range transition zone for the last 12 Ma
J.H. Trexler, Jr., P. H. Cashman, C.D. Henry, T. Muntean, K. Schwartz, A. TenBrink, J.E. Faulds, M. Perkins, T. Kelly, 2000. "Neogene basins in western Nevada document the tectonic history of the Sierra Nevada-Basin and Range transition zone for the last 12 Ma", Great Basin and Sierra Nevada, David R. Lageson, Stephen G. Peters, Mary M. Lahren
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Neogene sedimentary rocks, largely lacustrine and fluvial, were deposited in many areas of western Nevada and easternmost California, more or less continuously from ~12 Ma-3 Ma. These sediments were deposited on a surface of moderate primary relief developed on underlying Miocene volcanic rocks, and depositional facies are laterally variable, with sedimentation beginning and ending at different times in different areas. About 3 Ma, the basin system began to break up structurally, with strike-slip, oblique-slip and normal faulting, and local uplift. Modern topography inverts many original highs and lows. Stratigraphy and structure of Neogene strata document the progressive shut-down of the Neogene Cascade arc, the evolution of transtensional tectonics in the Walker Lane, and the encroachment of extensional faulting into the eastern Sierra Nevada.