Historical surface faulting and paleoseismology of the central Nevada seismic belt
S. John Caskey, John W. Bell, D. Burton Slemmons, 2000. "Historical surface faulting and paleoseismology of the central Nevada seismic belt", Great Basin and Sierra Nevada, David R. Lageson, Stephen G. Peters, Mary M. Lahren
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This three-day field trip will examine the nature of contemporary tectonic processes in the western Basin and Range province by focusing on the historical faulting and paleoseismology of the central Nevada seismic belt (CNSB) (Fig. 1). The trip begins in Reno and includes travel through Fallon, Nevada to major faulting sites in the 1954 Rainbow Mountain, Fairview Peak, and Dixie Valley rupture area ~125 km east of Reno (Fig. 2). The principal topics addressed by this trip will include:
Map showing surface ruptures (bold lines) and focal mechanisms reported for major historical earthquakes of the central Nevada-eastern California seismic belt. Other Quaternary faults of the Basin and Range are shown as thinner lines. Compressional quadrants of focal mechanism are black. Focal mechanisms are from Doser (1986) and the National Earthquake Information Center. Area of Figure 2 is shown by the gray box. Within the central Nevada seismic belt, right-normal-oblique surface ruptures of 1954 Rainbow Mountain-Fairview Peak sequence mark a transition between dominantly right-lateral events to the south within the northwest-trending Walker Lane belt (Stewart, 1988), and the dominantly dip-slip Dixie Valley and Pleasant Valley earthquakes to the north, where the Basin and Range is characterized by a consistent north-to northeast-trending structural grain.
The structural pattern, distribution, and characteristics of surface faulting and secondary effects associated with large-magnitude historical earthquakes as they bear on the nature of modern tectonic processes in the CNSB.
The paleoseismicity of the historical fault zones within
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Great Basin and Sierra Nevada, the second volume of the Geological Society of America Field Guide Series, focuses on the dynamic and spectacular geology of this region, providing the inspiring backdrop for the 2000 GSA Annual Meeting in Reno. This volume gives complete coverage of field trips held in conjunction with that meeting, and contains 20 chapters organized into three sections. The first section consists of 16 chapters arranged in geochronological order, beginning with the active tectonics of Lake Tahoe and the historical surface faulting and paleoseismicity of the central Nevada seismic belt, and ending with the Neoproterozoic glacial record of Death Valley. In between are chapters dealing with Basin and Range extension, Eocene magmatism, Mesozoic plutonism in the Sierra Nevada, Paleozoic subduction, and Ordovician stratigraphy, to name a few. The second section covers the geology of the Nevada Test Site and the nuclear-waste repository at Yucca Mountain. The last section is an invited field guide from the 1999 GSA Cordilleran Section meeting that covers the wines and geology of Napa Valley, California. Overall, Great Basin and Sierra Nevada is a comprehensive compilation of new and exciting research on this amazingly diverse region, with well-crafted guides to field localities of special interest. Full-color plates in some chapters make this guide an especially appealing and useful volume.