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Basaltic volcanism in the Snake River Plain of southern Idaho has long been associated with the concept of a mantle plume that was overridden by North America during the Neogene and now resides beneath the Yellowstone plateau. This concept is consistent with the time-transgressive nature of rhyolite volcanism in the plain, but the history of basaltic volcanism is more complex. In the eastern Snake River Plain, basalts erupted after the end of major silicic volcanism. The basalts typically erupt from small shield volcanoes that cover up to 680 km2 and may form elongate flows that extend 50–60 km...

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