Field trip guide: Andean Cordillera and backarc of the south-central Andes (~38.5°S to 37°S)
Published:January 01, 2008
Tomás Zapata, Gonzalo Zamora Valcarce, Andrés Folguera, Daniel Yagupsky, 2008. "Field trip guide: Andean Cordillera and backarc of the south-central Andes (~38.5°S to 37°S)", Field Trip Guides to the Backbone of the Americas in the Southern and Central Andes: Ridge Collision, Shallow Subduction, and Plateau Uplift, Suzanne Mahlburg Kay, Víctor A. Ramos
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The Andes of the Neuquén Mesozoic basin have experienced multiple episodic tectonic events as a consequence of the changes of the plate tectonic boundary configuration. Each episode of deformation has overprinted the previous one, making it difficult to unravel the Andean tectonic history. The first deformation event took place in the uppermost Cretaceous with the formation of the Agrio fold-and-thrust belt. This event was related to the shallowing of the subducting plate recorded by the migration of the volcanic arc toward the foreland. During the late Oligocene–early Miocene, an extensional event, related to the steepening of the subducted plate, affected only the hinterland region causing the opening of the Cura Mallín basin. This basin was closed during the late Miocene, together with the development of a new fold-and-thrust belt that reactivated the previous structures. During the Late Tertiary, two more episodes of extension and compression affected the Andean area. The trip focuses on the field evidence that documents this complex history of evolution by looking at evidence of the sequence of the distinct tectonic events.
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Field Trip Guides to the Backbone of the Americas in the Southern and Central Andes: Ridge Collision, Shallow Subduction, and Plateau Uplift
The geologic field guides in this volume to the Andes of Argentina and Chile were written for the five field trips accompanying the 2006 Backbone of the Americas conference in Mendoza, Argentina, which was sponsored by the Geological Society of America and the Asociación Geológica Argentina. The meeting was organized around three processes influential in the evolution of the western margin and cordilleras of the Americas—ridge collision, shallowing and steepening subduction zones, and plateau and orogenic uplift. Designed for use in the office or the field, the field guides are to regions that highlight these themes and present up-to-date overviews with references. The trip in chapter 1 to southern Patagonia highlights the ridge-trench collision theme; the next three to different regions of the south-central Andes examine temporal and spatial issues related to shallowing subduction; and the trip in the last chapter to the central Andean Puna plateau highlights plateau uplift in the context of steepening subduction and lithospheric delamination.