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Abstract

The Silurian rocks of the Cincinnati Arch in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana have been studied for nearly two centuries. Compilation of data from these studies, combined with detailed analysis of nearly 20 continuous drill cores and remeasuring and resampling of more than 60 major outcrops, is the basis for a high-resolution sequence stratigraphic framework. Seven depositional sequences are assigned on the basis of through-going unconformities, which mirror those already recognized in the early Llandovery to early Ludlow of the northern Appalachian Basin. Revision of the conodont biostratigraphy for the Cincinnati Arch has produced results that both agree and disagree with the other lines of data implemented in the sequence stratigraphic depositional model. Biostratigraphic correlations between southern Ohio and the Niagara Falls area are largely in agreement with correlations based on other lines of data, as are correlations between west-central and western Ohio, southeastern Indiana, and northern Kentucky. However, correlations between southern and west-central Ohio show major areas of disagreement. Preliminary whole rock carbonate carbon isotope analyses in western-central Ohio show patterns roughly comparable to those documented in the Niagara region, Gotland, and elsewhere. Chemostratigraphic data that might resolve inconsistencies in the correlations between southern and west-central Ohio were not yet available at the time of publication.

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