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Building stones and cultural geology of Evansville, Indiana, USA

By
Joseph T. Hannibal
Joseph T. Hannibal
Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA hannibal@cmnh.org
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Sabina F. Thomas
Sabina F. Thomas
Department of Biology & Geology, Baldwin-Wallace College, 275 Eastland Road, Berea, Ohio 44017-2088, USA
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W. Thomas Straw
W. Thomas Straw
P.O. Box 0630, New Harmony, Indiana 47631-0630, USA
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

Evansville, Indiana, USA, grew up along a curve of the Ohio River. Ready access to natural resources including wood, coal, limestone, sandstone, shale, sand, gravel, and clay facilitated its growth. Development of lines of commerce; notably, the road network, steamboat traffic on the Ohio River, the Wabash and Erie Canal, and eventually railroads, expanded access to an ever wider array of materials, including a variety of building stones from North America and Europe. The history of source-area expansion is documented in the time-oriented array of buildings in Evansville and the materials preserved in them. We will illustrate that the availability of an ever-widening source of stone, building techniques, and architectural styles, from massive stones of ornate Victorian structures to the spare, thin cladding of modern buildings, can be used to elucidate the cultural attributes of this unique city. Stops include a number of downtown sites, including historic Victorian structures and more modern buildings with thin stone cladding, some of it bowing. We will also visit Reitz School, which is located above an old coal mine, and Oak Hill Cemetery, a classic garden-style cemetery located on a hilly outlier of loess.

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Contents

GSA Field Guide

From the Cincinnati Arch to the Illinois Basin: Geological Field Excursions along the Ohio River Valley

Anton H. Maria
Anton H. Maria
Geology and Physics Department University of Southern Indiana 8600 University Boulevard Evansville, Indiana 47712 USA
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Ronald C. Counts
Ronald C. Counts
Kentucky Geological Survey Western Kentucky Office 1401 Corporate Court Henderson, Kentucky 42420 USA
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Geological Society of America
Volume
12
ISBN electronic:
9780813756127
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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