Building stones and cultural geology of Evansville, Indiana, USA
Joseph T. Hannibal, Sabina F. Thomas, W. Thomas Straw, 2008. "Building stones and cultural geology of Evansville, Indiana, USA", From the Cincinnati Arch to the Illinois Basin: Geological Field Excursions along the Ohio River Valley, Anton H. Maria, Ronald C. Counts
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Evansville, Indiana, USA, grew up along a curve of the Ohio River. Ready access to natural resources including wood, coal, limestone, sandstone, shale, sand, gravel, and clay facilitated its growth. Development of lines of commerce; notably, the road network, steamboat traffic on the Ohio River, the Wabash and Erie Canal, and eventually railroads, expanded access to an ever wider array of materials, including a variety of building stones from North America and Europe. The history of source-area expansion is documented in the time-oriented array of buildings in Evansville and the materials preserved in them. We will illustrate that the availability of an ever-widening source of stone, building techniques, and architectural styles, from massive stones of ornate Victorian structures to the spare, thin cladding of modern buildings, can be used to elucidate the cultural attributes of this unique city. Stops include a number of downtown sites, including historic Victorian structures and more modern buildings with thin stone cladding, some of it bowing. We will also visit Reitz School, which is located above an old coal mine, and Oak Hill Cemetery, a classic garden-style cemetery located on a hilly outlier of loess.
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From the Cincinnati Arch to the Illinois Basin: Geological Field Excursions along the Ohio River Valley
This guidebook complements the field trips offered during the 42nd Annual Meeting of the GSA North-Central Section, held in Evansville, Indiana. Topics include analysis and correlation of Silurian depositional sequences across the Cincinnati Arch in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana; conodonts and Pennsylvanian stratigraphy in southwestern Indiana; relationships between tectonism, igneous activity, and fluorite mineralization within the Illinois-Kentucky Fluorite District; characteristics and origin of the highly eroded Pennsylvanian sandstones at the Garden of the Gods in Illinois; use of filled-fracture features as indicators of seismicity within the lower Wabash and Ohio River valleys; and hydrogeology of an abandoned mine site in Indiana, with applications to planning for disposal of coal-combustion products. Two chapters focus on the history of New Harmony, Indiana, which served as headquarters for the pioneering naturalists who worked to characterize and map this country's interior. Another chapter relates the history of Evansville to the availability and use of geologic materials, with discussions on the characteristics and origins of building stones, building techniques, and architectural styles. References to mining history, with respect to building stone, coal, and fluorite, are made throughout.