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Abstract

The Scottsville Basin in the central Virginia Piedmont forms one of the westernmost Mesozoic sedimentary basins in eastern North America. This small basin has received limited scientific attention during the past 50 years; this field trip focuses on recent stratigraphic and structural research concerning the Scottsville Basin and surrounding region. The ∼110 km2 Scottsville Basin and adjacent ∼5 km2 Midway Mills Sub-basin formed astride the boundary between the eastern Blue Ridge and western Piedmont. The Scottsville Basin is a half-graben, bound on its northwest margin by a segmented normal fault that places Neoproterozoic to early Paleozoic metamorphic rocks in the footwall against Triassic strata in the hanging wall. Basin strata dip to the northwest toward the boundary fault, and dip angles increase from west to east. The southeastern basin boundary, previously interpreted as a small displacement normal fault, is an unconformity with phyllitic rocks of the western Piedmont. Strata within the basin include 2–3 km of boulder to pebble conglomerate, breccia, arkosic sandstone, and siltstone. Sedimentary rocks in the Scottsville Basin were sourced primarily from Proterozoic rocks in the Blue Ridge province to the west of the basin. The age of Triassic strata in the Scottsville Basin is poorly constrained. The Midway Mills Sub-basin was originally contiguous with the Scottsville Basin, but now forms an erosional outlier. A suite of north-northwest–striking Jurassic diabase dikes crosscuts Triassic sedimentary rocks and is subparallel to the dominant extensional fracture set in basin sedimentary rocks.

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