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ABSTRACT

A diverse range of plutonic to hypabyssal intrusions related to the 1.1 Ga Mid-continent Rift occurs in northeastern Minnesota. These intrusions are grouped into two complexes based on their structural occurrence within the North Shore Volcanic Group (NSVG, a comagmatic volcanic edifice) and their range of emplacement ages. The better known Duluth Complex is composed of gabbroic, anorthositic, and granitic intrusions that were emplaced into the base of the NSVG between 1108 and 1098 Ma. The Beaver Bay Complex is composed of a comparable range of intrusions that were emplaced into more medial sections of the NSVG between 1098 and 1095Ma.

This field trip will profile the igneous stratigraphies of two of the best-studied mafic layered intrusions associated with the Midcontinent Rift. The Sonju Lake intrusion is a 1-km-thick lake intrusion associated with the Beaver Bay Complex that shows a classic Skaergaard-type cumulate stratigraphy indicative of closed-system fractional crystallization of a tholeiitic magma. The Layered Series at Duluth (DLS) is a well-differentiated, 4-km-thick sheet-like intrusion that is the type-intrusion of the Duluth Complex. Phase and cryptic layering through the DLS indicates that it evolved as a more open system due to periodic recharge and venting.

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