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Book Chapter

Geological characterization of the Asse salt mine for mining, disposal of radioactive waste, and proof of long-term safety

By
G. Gärtner
G. Gärtner
Helmholtz Center Munich—German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), 38319 Remlingen, Germany
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N. Stockmann
N. Stockmann
Helmholtz Center Munich—German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), 38319 Remlingen, Germany
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H. Fricke
H. Fricke
Helmholtz Center Munich—German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), 38319 Remlingen, Germany
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R. Wallmüller
R. Wallmüller
Helmholtz Center Munich—German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), 38319 Remlingen, Germany
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

In the Asse salt mine, a system with relatively small pillars and stopes was excavated between 1909 and 1964. From 1965 until 1978, low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes were disposed there permanently. Most of the chamber volume (∼3.5 million m3) was exposed to free convergence until 1995, when a backfilling campaign was started using pneumatic transportation of granular salt material. The barrier to the overburden rocks is formed by rock salt that has a minimal thickness of only 15 m in the upper part. The flank dips ∼70°SW. The Asse site has been monitored for decades by displacement observations, stress and strain measurements in the pillars, and recording of the backfill pressure built up in the chambers. Softening and damaging in the pillars and stopes of the mining horizon have led to stress redistributions into the overburden rocks, where rupture processes have occurred. Hence, because of the small dimension of the bearing elements on the southern flank and the close distance to the overburden, far-reaching geomechanical interactions exist.

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Contents

GSA Reviews in Engineering Geology

Deep Geologic Repositories

Norbert T. Rempe
Norbert T. Rempe
1403 N. Country Club Circle Carlsbad, New Mexico 88220, USA
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Geological Society of America
Volume
19
ISBN electronic:
9780813758190
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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