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Geological disposal has been the basis for the Swedish program for disposal of radioactive waste since its beginning in the mid-1970s. Two underground facilities have been in operation since the late 1980s.

The construction of the final repository for short-lived, low- and intermediate-level waste, SFR (Swedish final repository for radioactive operational waste), started in 1983, and it was put into operation in 1988. The facility is located 50 m below the sea, close to the Forsmark nuclear power plant, where the sea has a depth of ∼5 m. Low-level waste is placed in four rock vaults, each of which...

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