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ABSTRACT

This field guide describes stops in the Oregon Klamath Mountains that visit near-complete ophiolite sections, pre- and post-accretion arc plutons, greenschist- to amphibolite-grade metamorphosed wallrocks, arc volcanic rocks, and interbedded chert, argillite, and olistostromal deposits. Structural features at these stops include local- and regional-scale folds and faults, as well as penetrative metamorphic fabrics such as slaty cleavage, gneissic layering, and mineral lineations. The geologic history here reveals a period of Late Triassic and Jurassic ophiolite and oceanic-arc formation followed by Middle Jurassic terrane accretion, tectonic mélange formation, and continued oceanic arc magmatism. Rifting from ca. 165 to 160 Ma produced the Rogue-Chetco arc, Josephine ophiolite, and remnant arc comprised of older Klamath Mountains terranes. Deformation and magmatism during the Late Jurassic Neva-dan orogeny accreted this active arc–inter-arc basin–remnant arc triad to western North America, producing the lithotectonic belts observed today. The Oregon Klam-ath Mountains therefore provide an exceptional opportunity to examine the deep to shallow levels of multi-phase oceanic lithosphere and deformational features related to the accretion of these terranes to the continental margin.

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