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The John Day Formation of central and eastern Oregon, contains a widespread assemblage of both ash-flow and airfall tuffs, yet only a few corresponding caldera sources have been identified in the region. Investigators have long speculated on the sources of tuffs in the John Day Formation and have suggested that these pyroclastic rocks were vented from now buried eruptive centers in or marginal to a nascent Cascade Range. Recent detailed geologic mapping in the John Day and Clarno Formations, however, indicates the presence of at least three large-scale rhyolite caldera complexes centered along the northeast-trending axis of the Blue...

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