Volcanoes to Vineyards
This volume contains guides for 33 geological field trips offered in conjunction with the October 2009 GSA Annual Meeting in Portland, Oregon. Showcasing the region’s geological diversity, the peer-reviewed papers included here span topics ranging from accreted terrains and mantle plumes to volcanoes, floods, and vineyard terroir. Locations visited throughout Oregon, Washington, and Idaho encompass Astoria to Zillah. More than just a series of maps, the accompanying descriptions, observations, and conclusions offer new insights to the geologic processes and history of the Pacific Northwest insights that will inspire readers to put their boots on the evidence (or perhaps sip it from a glass of Pinot!) as they develop their own understanding of this remarkable and dynamic corner of the world.
The Chiwaukum Structural Low, eastern Cascade Range, Washington
Published:January 01, 2009
A prevailing hypothesis for the central Cascade Range of Washington State is that it underwent regional extension or transtension during the Eocene. This hypothesis is based on the idea that kilometers-thick, clastic, Eocene formations were deposited syntectonically in local basins. Our mapping and structural analysis indicate that these formations are preserved in fault-bounded, regional synclines, not in separate depositional basins. Thus, the type area for the hypothesis, the so-called Chiwaukum graben, is here renamed the Chiwaukum Structural Low. The Eocene arkosic Chum-stick Formation, which was thought to have been syntectonically deposited in the graben, is the proximal equivalent of...