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Metallogeny and major mineral deposits of Alaska

By
Warren J. Nokleberg
Warren J. Nokleberg
U.S. Geological Survey, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, California 94025
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David A. Brew
David A. Brew
U.S. Geological Survey, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, California 94025
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Donald Grybeck
Donald Grybeck
U.S. Geological Survey, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, California 94025
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Warren Yeend
Warren Yeend
U.S. Geological Survey, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, California 94025
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Thomas K. Bundtzen
Thomas K. Bundtzen
Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, 794 University Avenue, Fairbanks, Alaska 99709–4699
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Mark S. Robinson
Mark S. Robinson
Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, 794 University Avenue, Fairbanks, Alaska 99709–4699
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Thomas E. Smith
Thomas E. Smith
Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, 794 University Avenue, Fairbanks, Alaska 99709–4699
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Henry C. Berg
Henry C. Berg
Malvern Avenue115 Malvern Avenue, Fullerton, California 92632
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Gary L. Andersen
Gary L. Andersen
Resource Associates of Alaska, Inc., Fairbanks, Alaska
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Edward R. Chipp
Edward R. Chipp
Resource Associates of Alaska, Inc., Fairbanks, Alaska
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David R. Gaard
David R. Gaard
Resource Associates of Alaska, Inc., Fairbanks, Alaska
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P. Jeffery Burton
P. Jeffery Burton
Jeffery Burton and Associates, Fairbanks, Alaska
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John Dunbier
John Dunbier
Noranda Exploration, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska
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D. A. Scherkenbach
D. A. Scherkenbach
Noranda Exploration, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska
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Jeffrey Y. Foley
Jeffrey Y. Foley
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Fairbanks, Alaska
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Gregory Thurow
Gregory Thurow
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Fairbanks, Alaska
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J. Dean Warner
J. Dean Warner
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Fairbanks, Alaska
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Curtis J. Freeman
Curtis J. Freeman
The F. E. Company, Inc., Fairbanks, Alaska
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Bruce M. Gamble
Bruce M. Gamble
U.S. Geological Survey, Anchorage, Alaska
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Steven W. Nelson
Steven W. Nelson
U.S. Geological Survey, Anchorage, Alaska
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Jeanine M. Schmidt
Jeanine M. Schmidt
U.S. Geological Survey, Anchorage, Alaska
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Charles C. Hawley
Charles C. Hawley
Hawley Resource Group, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska
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Murray W. Hitzman
Murray W. Hitzman
Chevron Resources Company, San Francisco, California
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Brian K. Jones
Brian K. Jones
Bear Creek Mining, Kennecott Corporation, Anchorage, Alaska
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Ian M. Lange
Ian M. Lange
Department of Geology, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana
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Christopher D. Maars
Christopher D. Maars
Anaconda Minerals Company, Anchorage, Alaska
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Christopher C. Puchner
Christopher C. Puchner
Anaconda Minerals Company, Anchorage, Alaska
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Carl I. Steefel
Carl I. Steefel
Anaconda Minerals Company, Anchorage, Alaska
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W. David Menzie
W. David Menzie
U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California
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Paul A. Metz
Paul A. Metz
Mineral Industries Research Laboratory, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska
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J. S. Modene
J. S. Modene
Cominco Alaska, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska
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Joseph T. Plahuta
Joseph T. Plahuta
Cominco Alaska, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska
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Loren E. Young
Loren E. Young
Cominco Alaska, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska
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Clint R. Nauman
Clint R. Nauman
Research Associates of Alaska, Inc., Fairbanks, Alaska
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Steven R. Newkirk
Steven R. Newkirk
Research Associates of Alaska, Inc., Fairbanks, Alaska
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Rainer J. Newberry
Rainer J. Newberry
Geology/Geophysica Program, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska
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Robert K. Rogers
Robert K. Rogers
WGM, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska
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Charles M. Rubin
Charles M. Rubin
Anaconda Minerals Company, Denver, Colorado
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Richard C. Swainbank
Richard C. Swainbank
Geoprize, Limited, Anchorage, Alaska
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P. R. Smith
P. R. Smith
U.S. Borax and Chemical Corporation, Spokane, Washington
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Jackie E. Stephens
Jackie E. Stephens
U.S. Borax and Chemical Corporation, Spokane, Washington
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Published:
January 01, 1994

Abstract

Alaska is commonly regarded as one of the frontiers of North America for the discovery of metalliferous mineral deposits. A recurring theme in the history of the state has been “rushes” or “stampedes” to sites of newly discovered deposits. Since about 1965, mining companies have undertaken much exploration for lode and placer mineral deposits. During the same period, because of the considerable interest in federal lands in Alaska and the establishment of new national parks, wildlife refuges, and native corporations, extensive studies of mineral deposits and of the mineral resource potential of Alaska have been conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey, the U.S. Bureau of Mines, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys. These studies have resulted in abundant new information on Alaskan mineral deposits. In the same period, substantial new geologic mapping has also been completed with the help of new logistical and technical tools. One result of the geologic mapping and associated geologic studies is the recognition of numerous faultbounded assemblages of rocks designated as tectonostratigraphic (lithotectonic) terranes. This concept indicates that most of Alaska consists of a collage of such terranes (Silberling and others, this volume, Plate 3).

The purpose of this report is to summarize the local geology, geologic setting, and metallogenesis of the major metalliferous lode deposits and placer districts of Alaska. The term “major mineral deposit” is defined as a mine, mineral deposit with known reserve, prospect, or occurrence that the authors judged significant for any given geographic region. This report is

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Contents

DNAG, Geology of North America

The Geology of Alaska

George Plafker
George Plafker
U.S. Geological Survey MS 904, 345 Middlefield Road Menlo Park, California 94025
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Henry C. Berg
Henry C. Berg
115 Malvern Avenue Fullerton, California 92632
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Geological Society of America
Volume
G-1
ISBN electronic:
9780813754536
Publication date:
January 01, 1994

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