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Crustal melting events in Alaska

By
Travis L. Hudson
Travis L. Hudson
ARCO Alaska, Inc.,, P.O. Box 100360, Anchorage, Alaska 99510
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Published:
January 01, 1994

Abstract

Development of granitic magmas by melting of continental crust is documented by field studies in migmatite terranes (e.g., Kenah and Hollister, 1983; Johannes and Gupta, 1982), petrologic and mineralogic studies (e.g., White and Chappell, 1977; Speer, 1981; Wright and Haxel, 1982), geochemical and isotopic studies (e.g., Ben Othman and others, 1984; Kistler and others, 1981; Arth, this volume), and experimental studies (e.g., Clemens and Wall, 1981; Wyllie, 1983a). Although the processes that lead to melting of continental crust are complex (e.g., Leake, 1983), where present, these events are obviously an important element in the geologic evolution of a region. One expected result of such an event is the regional emplacement of felsic granitic rocks.

In this chapter, any granitic rocks whose composition can be inferred to be predominantly derived from sialic crustal materials—even juvenile crustal materials as is the case for some accretionary parts of southern Alaska—are considered to be the products of crustal melting. However, generally accepted criteria for recognizing such granitic rocks, such as high initial 87Sr/86Sr, peraluminous composition, restite minerals or inclusions, and relations to metamorphism and migmatization, are generally not available for most granitic rocks in Alaska. For this reason, and because in some settings the distinctions between mantle and crustal processes are blurred (e.g., Leeman, 1983; Wyllie, 1983b; Ben Othman and others, 1984), a simplistic approach is taken here. The two principal criteria used to distinguish Alaskan granitic rocks whose origin may have been dominated by crustal melting processes are: (1)

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Contents

DNAG, Geology of North America

The Geology of Alaska

George Plafker
George Plafker
U.S. Geological Survey MS 904, 345 Middlefield Road Menlo Park, California 94025
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Henry C. Berg
Henry C. Berg
115 Malvern Avenue Fullerton, California 92632
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Geological Society of America
Volume
G-1
ISBN electronic:
9780813754536
Publication date:
January 01, 1994

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