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Latest Cretaceous and Cenozoic magmatism in mainland Alaska

By
Elizabeth J. Moll-Stalcup
Elizabeth J. Moll-Stalcup
U.S. Geological Survey, National Center, Reston, Virginia 22092
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Published:
January 01, 1994

Abstract

Continental Alaska has been the site of widespread magmatism throughout much of the late Mesozoic and Cenozoic, but until recently, most of this magmatism was unrecognized due to the lack of modern geologic maps or isotopic age data for large tracts of Alaska. Although parts remain unmapped, progress in reconnaissance mapping and dating have enabled workers to identify major late Mesozoic and Cenozoic magmatic provinces outside the well-known Aleutian arc and to speculate as to their tectonic implications and origin (Wallace and Engebretson, 1984).

This chapter defines major Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic magmatic provinces in Alaska outside the Aleutian arc (Kay and Kay, this volume; Vallier and others, this volume; Miller and Richer, this volume) and southeast Alaska (Brew, this volume), and discusses their distribution, age, petrology, and tectonic implications. The available data suggest that Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic magmatism in continental Alaska can be roughly divided into three periods: (1) latest Cretaceous and early Tertiary (76 to 50 Ma), (2) middle Tertiary (43 to 37 Ma), and (3) late Tertiary and Quaternary (6 Ma to the present). Late Cretaceous and early Tertiary calc-alkalic volcanism and plutonism were widespread over much of western, central, and southern Alaska and on the Bering Sea shelf. Middle Tertiary magmatism was characterized by the eruption of small volumes of calcalkalic rocks in interior Alaska, contemporaneous with the inception of a major pulse of magmatism in the Aleutian arc. Late Tertiary and Quaternary volcanism has been characterized by the eruption of voluminous basaltic magma at

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Contents

DNAG, Geology of North America

The Geology of Alaska

George Plafker
George Plafker
U.S. Geological Survey MS 904, 345 Middlefield Road Menlo Park, California 94025
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Henry C. Berg
Henry C. Berg
115 Malvern Avenue Fullerton, California 92632
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Geological Society of America
Volume
G-1
ISBN electronic:
9780813754536
Publication date:
January 01, 1994

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