Geology Since 1888 and Present Status
PROGRESS in geologic science, especially in America, during the last four decades, may be largely credited to the Geological Society of America, and the entire progress is fairly recorded in the forty-two volumes of its Bulletin. This applies especially to the science in the stricter scope, as stratigraphy, structural and dynamical geology, and the philosophic side. The special or correlated departments of the broader science have been chiefly covered during later years by the technical publications of the special societies noted in the preceding chapter.
Most of the important and dramatic discoveries in stratigraphic geology and in paleontology had been made prior to 1888. The later study in those branches has been the closing of gaps and accumulation of interesting details, but in dynamical, geophysical and cosmi-cal geology there has been remarkable advance. Progress in these three branches has been dependent on development in physics and chemistry.
In economic geology, especially in its application for the exploitation of earth products, there has been great development. To an extent that the geologists of 1888 could hardly imagine the globe has responsively yielded enormous stores of hydrocarbons. The promising talent from the colleges has for years been largely diverted to the exploration and development of oil and gas. But one benefit from this intense probing of the earth has been the invention of refined geophysical methods of exploration; and creation of interest in micropaleontology.Expert knowledge in earth science has been found necessary in various vocations and desirable in some lines of public
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Written in 1931 by Herman LeRoy Fairchild, and with an introduction by Joseph Stanley-Brown, this definitive history of the Geological Society of America covers the first forty-three years of the Society. It contains sections devoted to an overview of early geological research, the Society's background, key players in the Society's creation and history, and information on the Society's membership, publications, meetings, constitution, and more.