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Ogallala and post-Ogallala sediments of the Southern High Plains, Blanco Canyon and Mt. Blanco, Texas

Paul N. Dolliver
Paul N. Dolliver
1100 Geomap Lane, Piano, Texas 75074
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Vance T. Holliday
Vance T. Holliday
Department of Geography, Science Hall, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706
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January 01, 1988


Blanco Canyon and Mount Blanco are located along the eastern Caprock Escarpment of the Southern High Plains (Llano Estacado) in the Texas Panhandle near Crosbyton, Texas. The Blanco Canyon exposures are along U.S. 82 where it crosses lower Blanco Canyon east of Crosbyton (Fig. 1). Within a distance of 5.5 mi (8.9 km), the highway descends from the High Plains through the Bridwell and Couch Formations (Ogallala Group) to Triassic red beds before climbing back onto the High Plains surface. The route passes near the Bridwell and Couch type sections and is flanked by several excellent roadside exposures. Outcrops at four Blanco Canyon localities are discussed in this chapter. Collectively, they document the buildup and subsequent dissection of the Southern High Plains since late Miocene time.

Mt. Blanco can be reached by traveling north from Crosbyton on Farm Road 651 across the High Plains surface (Backwater Draw Formation). At 7.8 mi (12.5 km) the road descends into Blanco Canyon. Below the escarpment the highway crosses the mouth of Crawfish Creek, a major reentrant of Blanco Canyon. As the road descends the side of the canyon, the white beds of the Blanco Formation are apparent to the left and right just below the reddish sands of the Backwater Draw Formation. After descending into the canyon, turn left (west) on Farm Road 193 and drive 0.7 mi (1.1 km) to Mt. Blanco, which is the conical erosional remnant on the south side of the road.

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Figures & Tables


DNAG, Centennial Field Guides

South-Central Section of the Geological Society of America

O. T. Hayward
O. T. Hayward
Geology Department, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798
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Geological Society of America
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Publication date:
January 01, 1988




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