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Energy resources of the Caribbean region

By
Anthony E. L. Morris
Anthony E. L. Morris
Morris Petroleum, Inc., P.O. Box 64610, Los Angeles, California 90064
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Arthur A. Meyerhoff
Arthur A. Meyerhoff
P.O. Box 4602, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74159
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Irfan Taner
Irfan Taner
3625 South Florence Place, Tuba, Oklahoma 74105
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Rafael Bueno-Salazar
Rafael Bueno-Salazar
Empresa Colombiana de Petroleos, Apartado Aereo 5938-6813, Bogota, Colombia
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Gordon A. Young
Gordon A. Young
Petroleos de Venezuela S.A., Apartado 169, Caracas, 1010A, Venezuela
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Published:
January 01, 1991

Abstract

The Caribbean region comprises all of Central America, much of Colombia and Venezuela, and the Greater and Lesser Antilles, including their Atlantic shelves and slopes. Peripherally, it encompasses the Yucatán Peninsula, interior basins of Colombia and Venezuela, and the Bahamas and southern Florida. The Caribbean Sea constitutes almost half of the 8.5 million km2 area.

Petroleum is by far the principal energy resource of the region. Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Cuba, Guatemala, and Barbados produce petroleum commercially, but only the first three are self sufficient and net exporters. There is minor potential in the Bahamas, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panamá.

Commercial deposits of coal are known only in Colombia, Venezuela, and Costa Rica. Other resources, in order of utilization, are hydropower, geothermal, biomass, wind, and solar. There is minor potential for uranium-thorium deposits in Venezuela, Colombia, and Nuclear Central America. Ocean temperature gradients offer unlimited energy to islands, particularly those with near-shore deep water. A distant-future potential major resource is gas hydrates on the Pacific continental slopes of Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Panamá and the continental borderlands of Colombia and Venezuela.

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Contents

DNAG, Geology of North America

The Caribbean Region

Gabriel Dengo
Gabriel Dengo
Gabriel Dengo Centro de Estudios Geológicos de América Central Apartado 468 Guatemala City, Guatemala
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J.E. Case
J.E. Case
U.S. Geological Survey 345 Middlefield Road Menlo Park, California 94025
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Geological Society of America
Volume
H
ISBN electronic:
9780813754567
Publication date:
January 01, 1991

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