Tectonic evolution of the Caribbean region; Alternative hypothesis
Anthony E. L. Morris, Irfan Taner, Howard A. Meyerhoff, Arthur A. Meyerhoff, 1991. "Tectonic evolution of the Caribbean region; Alternative hypothesis", The Caribbean Region, Gabriel Dengo, J.E. Case
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Frederick Nagle (1972b, p. 782) wrote, "Probably many Caribbean geologists (myself included) are suffering from varying degrees of geologic schizophrenia, torn between the general popularity of the plate tectonic concept and the knowledge that to date the Caribbean region has not been satisfactorily integrated into this new world scheme. If plate tectonics cannot incorporate key areas such as the Caribbean, the hypothesis will require some major overhauling." Nagle's words are in a sense prophetic, because the Caribbean region still defies every attempt to incorporate it into plate tectonics. As a result, we developed an alternative hypothesis.
To present the hypothesis as it applies to the Caribbean, numerous place names had to be used. Many of these appear on Figure 1. Those that do not may be found on Plate 1.
Figures & Tables
The Caribbean Region
The result of a major international effort involving authors and organizations from 13 countries, this volume summarizes the complex geology and tectonic evolution of the Caribbean plate and its relation to the adjacent North American, South American, Nazca, and Cocos plates. Focuses on regional geology and geophysics, magmatic processes, neotectonic features, geologic hazards, and energy and metallic resources. Contrasting views for the Mesozoic and Cenozoic geological evolution are presented in chapters on plate tectonics and mantle surge tectonics. Chapters on marine geology and geophysics are new syntheses for the entire Caribbean region. Highlights of the volume include extensive bibliographies and new syntheses of stratigraphic-lithologic columnar sections, seismicity, gravity and magnetic anomalies, neotectonic features, resource data, and crustal properties.