Mesozoic and Cenozoic magmatism
Mesozoic and early Cenozoic magmatism in eastern North America produced distinct provinces with characteristic igneous and tectonic styles. This discussion is arranged in order of age and province size and is primarily descriptive in nature. Some of the igneous events are not well dated and thorough chemical and petrographic analyses may also be lacking. Our aim is to outline present knowledge of the provinces, gathered from many scattered published and unpublished studies, and to synthesize some of the more important aspects of the rocks and events that produced them. More definitive models will eventually be developed, which we believe can show fundamental relationships between lithospheric tectonism and resulting intraplate-to-rift zone magmatism in eastern North America.
Exposed flood basalts and sills of early Jurassic age are confined mainly to grabens of the "Newark" rift system. The "Newark" rift system encompasses a series of fault-bound basins extending from Florida to Nova Scotia (Fig. 1). Newark-type basins occur farther north (east Greenland, Surlyk, 1978a, b) and east (Morocco-Portugal, Manspeizer, 1981), indicating that Mesozoic rifting followed both the Caledonian and Hercynian sutures (Ziegler, 1975). "Newark" rift zones consistently step eastward as one proceeds north and south from Virginia. Their regional distribution thus mimics that of the ocean floor anomalies, which show a dominant sense of right lateral offset to the north and left lateral offset to the south of the Bermuda flowline (Sundvik and others, 1984).
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The Atlantic Continental Margin
This synthesis covers stratigraphy, depositional processes, and geophysical interpretation of the major onshore and offshore marginal basins from Maine to the Bahamas, and includes an up-to-date review of thinking on regional tectonic history. Additional chapters discuss the theoretical aspects of thermal evolution, subsidence, and seismic stratigraphy as applied to this region. Geological resources including petroleum, water, sand and gravel, hard minerals, and heat flow are reviewed, and environmental hazards such as seismicity, coastal erosion, waste disposal and submarine instability as it relates to site of drilling platforms and mining are evaluated. A summary chapter reviews areas of controversy and suggests key topics for research.