Sedimentary Cover of the Craton in Canada
The “sedimentary cover” refers to the stratified rocks of youngest Proterozoic and Phanerozoic age that rest upon the largely crystalline basement rocks of the continental interior. The early chapters of the volume present data and interpretations of the geophysics of the craton and summarize, with sequential maps, the tectonic evolution of the craton. The main body of the text and accompanying plates and figures present the stratigraphy, structural history, and economic geology of specific sedimentary basins (e.g., Appalachian basin) and regions (e.g., Rocky Mountains). The volume concludes with a summary chapter in which the currently popular theories of cratonal tectonics are discussed and the unresolved questions are identified.
Published:January 01, 1993
The Carboniferous System in Western Canada Basin (Fig. 4E.1-4E.3) is a thick succesion of strata deposited on the downwarped and downfaulted western margin of the ancestral North American plate, the central to western cratonic platform, and southern Yukon Fold Belt. This succession, representing the upper Kaskaskia sequenceand lower Absaroka sequence of Sloss (1963), comprises two main lithofacies assemblages. The lower assemblage is basinal shale and generally thickens southwestward or basinward (see Fig. 4 E . 9 - 4 E . 1 3) . Upward and northeastward, it passe into an upper assemblage of platform and ramp carbonates (Fig. 4E.4,...