Hydrology of lakes and wetlands
The existence of lakes and wetlands depends on the specific geologic setting that favors the ponding of water, and on the hydrologic processes that allow the body of water to persist at a given site. Lakes can occur only in topographic depressions, but wetlands occur in depressions, on flat areas, on slopes, and even on drainage divides. Lakes and wetlands have some common characteristics, but they differ in many aspects of water storage, water circulation, water loss to the atmosphere, and the thermal and chemical characteristics of their waters.
Figures & Tables
Provides reviews of all major facets of hydrology. Topics covered include: influences of the atmosphere and of land and vegetation on stream flow; temporal and spatial variability of stream flow, with separate chapters on floods and on low flow and hydrologic drought; snow and ice, the frozen components of the hydrosphere; the hydrology of lakes and wetlands; hydrogeochemistry of rivers and lakes; the aquatic biota; sediment movement and storage; the riverscape for selected North American rivers; and the influence of Man on hydrologic systems. Accompanying color plates show histograms of river water chemistry, runoff and flow regimes, and the distribution of precipitation minus evaporation for North America.