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Quaternary geology of the Osage Plains and Interior Highlands

By
Richard F. Madole
Richard F. Madole
U.S. Geological Survey, MS 966, Box 25046, Denver Federal Center, Denver, Colorado 80225
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C. Reid Ferring
C. Reid Ferring
Institute of Applied Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203
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Margaret J. Guccione
Margaret J. Guccione
Department of Geology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701
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Stephen A. Hall
Stephen A. Hall
Department of Geography, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712
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William C. Johnson
William C. Johnson
Department of Geography, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045
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Curtis J. Sorenson
Curtis J. Sorenson
Department of Geography, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045
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Published:
January 01, 1991

Abstract

The Osage Plains are that part of the Central Interior Lowlands extending from the glacial limit southwestward through eastern Kansas, central Oklahoma, and north-central Texas (Fig. 1). The Interior Highlands adjoin the Osage Plains on the east and comprise two distinctly different highland areas, the domed Ozark Plateaus and the tightly folded mountains of the Ouachita Province (Fig. 2). The Osage Plains and Interior Highlands have little in common, physiographically or stratigraphically, and are included in the same chapter for convenience because of their proximity to one another.

Situated near the center of the conterminous United States, the Osage Plains are a place of transition between regions of contrasting character. They lie between the humid east and the semiarid west and the glaciated Interior Lowlands on the north and the Coastal Plain of the Gulf of Mexico on the south. The ecotonal boundaries between forest and grassland lie within the Osage Plains, as does the boundary between calcic and noncalcic soils. The Osage Plains differ markedly from the Interior Highlands in many respects, including topography, geology, vegetation, and soils. The Interior Highlands can be thought of as western outliers of the Appalachian Highlands. The plateaus overlying the Ozark dome are similar in topography, rock types, and structure to the Interior Low Plateaus overlying the Nashville dome and to the Appalachian Plateaus farther east and north. Likewise, the tightly folded and faulted Ouachita Mountains are comparable to the Appalachian Mountains. The Quaternary stratigraphy of the Interior Highlands

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Contents

DNAG, Geology of North America

Quaternary Nonglacial Geology

Roger B. Morrison
Roger B. Morrison
Morrison and Associates 13150 West Ninth Avenue Golden, Colorado 80401
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Geological Society of America
Volume
K-2
ISBN electronic:
9780813754611
Publication date:
January 01, 1991

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