Quaternary geology of the Osage Plains and Interior Highlands
Richard F. Madole, C. Reid Ferring, Margaret J. Guccione, Stephen A. Hall, William C. Johnson, Curtis J. Sorenson, 1991. "Quaternary geology of the Osage Plains and Interior Highlands", Quaternary Nonglacial Geology, Roger B. Morrison
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The Osage Plains are that part of the Central Interior Lowlands extending from the glacial limit southwestward through eastern Kansas, central Oklahoma, and north-central Texas (Fig. 1). The Interior Highlands adjoin the Osage Plains on the east and comprise two distinctly different highland areas, the domed Ozark Plateaus and the tightly folded mountains of the Ouachita Province (Fig. 2). The Osage Plains and Interior Highlands have little in common, physiographically or stratigraphically, and are included in the same chapter for convenience because of their proximity to one another.
Situated near the center of the conterminous United States, the Osage Plains are a place of transition between regions of contrasting character. They lie between the humid east and the semiarid west and the glaciated Interior Lowlands on the north and the Coastal Plain of the Gulf of Mexico on the south. The ecotonal boundaries between forest and grassland lie within the Osage Plains, as does the boundary between calcic and noncalcic soils. The Osage Plains differ markedly from the Interior Highlands in many respects, including topography, geology, vegetation, and soils. The Interior Highlands can be thought of as western outliers of the Appalachian Highlands. The plateaus overlying the Ozark dome are similar in topography, rock types, and structure to the Interior Low Plateaus overlying the Nashville dome and to the Appalachian Plateaus farther east and north. Likewise, the tightly folded and faulted Ouachita Mountains are comparable to the Appalachian Mountains. The Quaternary stratigraphy of the Interior Highlands
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Includes 5 topical chapters covering paleoclimates, dating methods, volcanism, tephrochronology, and Pacific margin tephrochronologic correlation, and 15 chapters of regional synthesis covering: the Pacific margin; the Columbia Plateau; the Snake River Plain; the major pluvial lakes of the Great Basin; the Basin and Range in California, Arizona, and New Mexico; the Colorado Plateau; the Southern and Central Rocky Mountains; the Northern and Southern Great Plains, Osage Plains, and Interior Highlands; the Lower Mississippi Valley; the Gulf of Mexico Coastal Plain and Florida; the Appalachian Highlands and Interior Low Plateaus; and the Atlantic Coastal Plain. A large, full-color geologic map of the Quaternary deposits of the Lower Mississippi Valley, in addition to correlation charts, tables, and cross-sections relating to other chapters, is also included.